Rajesh Vedanthan MD, MPH, Sameer Bansilal MD, MS, Ana Victoria Soto MD, Jason C. Kovacic MD, PhD, Jacqueline Latina MD, Risa Jaslow MS, RDN, Maribel Santana BS, Elio Gorga MD, Andrew Kasarskis PhD, Roger Hajjar MD, Eric E. Schadt PhD, Johan L. Björkegren MD, PhD, Zahi A. Fayad PhD, MSE and Valentin Fuster MD, PhD
JACC (Journal of the American College of Cardiology), 2016-04-12, Volume 67, Issue 14, Pages 1725-1737, Copyright © 2016 American College of Cardiology Foundation

Abstract

Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of mortality in the world, and the increasing burden is largely a consequence of modifiable behavioral risk factors that interact with genomics and the environment. Continuous cardiovascular health promotion and disease prevention throughout the lifespan is critical, and the family is a central entity in this process. In this review, we describe the potential rationale and mechanisms that contribute to the importance of family for cardiovascular health promotion, focusing on: 1) mutual interdependence of the family system; 2) shared environment; 3) parenting style; 4) caregiver perceptions; and 5) genomics. We conclude that family-based approaches that target both caregivers and children, encourage communication among the family unit, and address the structural and environmental conditions in which families live and operate are likely to be the most effective approach to promote cardiovascular health. We describe lessons learned, future implications, and applications to ongoing and planned studies.

Access to article

Advertisements

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s